- Lead poisoning is one of the most debilitating types of poisons.
- If not treated early, lead poisoning can cause many severe side effects including growth suppression and brain damage.
- Although testing of city and well water has been developed, further funding is necessary in order to lessen the incidence of lead poisoning.
- Lead is absorbed by ingestion, inhalation, and through the placenta during pregnancy.
- Blood lead levels above 9uL is considered in a toxic range.
- Healthy People 2010 set a goal to prevent and eliminate lead poisoning and lead related injuries.
- Three objectives that Healthy People 2010 formulated to help accomplish their goal:
- (8-11) Eliminate elevated blood lead levels in children.
- (8-22) Increase the proportion of persons living in pre-1950s housing that has been tested for the presence of lead-based paint to 50% from 16% currently.
- (20-7) Reduce the number of persons who have elevated blood lead concentrations from work exposures
Where is it found:
- Lead is found in and around homes and places of work.
- Lead is found primarily in water sources and homes built prior to 1978.
- Common sources of lead:
- drinking water
- cultural remedies
- on the job
- Carrier sources of lead include pets, clothing, and products containing lead.
Who is affected:
- Everyone can be affected by lead poisoning.
- Children are more at risk than adults due to size distribution and cleanliness.
- People with increased risk for lead poisoning:
- low socioeconomic status
- low levels of parental education
- lack of health insurance
- living in a home built prior to 1978
- who work with lead at their job
What can we do about the Issues and Statistics:
- Acquire further funding to test at risk populations
- Work with local governments to locate at risk homes and families
- Make available water testing to those families drinking well water
- Community lead education
- Local area lead poisoning statistics:
- Roanoke County, Virginia
- 433.2 / 100,000 children tested
- Alleghany County, Virginia
- 59.9 / 100,000 children tested
- New River Valley
- 12.2 / 100,000 children tested
- The Center for Disease Control (CDC) provides guidelines and recommendations at the state and local level
- To help monitor lead in water sources and locate hazardous concentrations of lead
- Maximum level allowed of lead in drinking water in Virginia is an action level of 15.
- Renovate Homes with Caution
- Homes built prior to 1978 may contain lead paint.
- Adhere to the recommendations regarding appropriate renovation equipment from the National Lead Information Center (NLIC)
- Test homes for lead paint if it was built prior to 1978
- Clean homes regularly and keep children out of dusty areas
- Remove lead containing objects from homes
- Plant grass over loose soil in yards
- If a vocation involves handling lead products, (including gardening, home remodeling, and construction) remove clothing prior to entering the household and wash them separately.
- Lead is measured in:
- Household samples (including paint, dust and water)
- Children are exposed to lead primarily through
- Inhalation of dust
- Lead can be brought in the home from outside soil on pet hair
- Children pick up anything on the floor and put it in their mouths
- If not done properly, lead paint removal can cause more damage to your family
- Water testing for home wells are available through local government
Radford City Water Department:
City of Salem Water Department:
Environmental Protection Agency:
U.S. Department of Labor:
Virginia Department of Health:
Fluoride Health Effects:
Developed by: Jane-Claire Bailey, Susan Dillera, Caleb Hild, and Lauren Torbett