Complete document for both sessions of Middle Ages in Europe. This is a large file and should be downloaded (right-click on link) and viewed in Adobe Reader.


Session 1: Predicting Consequences of the Division of Charlemagne’s Empire

Throughout this course, students have examined the territorial extent of empires. In this lesson students analyze a map of Europe in 814, at the end of Charlemagne’s rule and another after the death of Charlemagne. The analysis of the map provides a base for comparing the changes in territorial ownership precipitated by the invasions of the Vikings and Magyars, the focus of the next lesson. Students will extend and refine their map interpretation skills by examining how color is used to denote ownership. In addition, they will make predictions about likely paths of invasion.

Key Questions

  • How do physical geography, cultural, economic, and political factors affect borders?
  •  What were the short- and long-term effects of the division of Charlemagne’s empire?

Note: The following files contain layered pdfs. In order to manipulate the layers, each file must be downloaded to your computer. Attachment E tells you how to use a layered pdf.


Lesson with attachments (This is the full lesson with all the following parts included. It is a large file and should be downloaded (right-click on link) and viewed in Adobe Reader.

Lesson without attachments


All attachments for Session  1.

Additional Maps

WHI 9d Resources for Teachers 

To Session 2.

Return to World History and Geography to 1500 A.D. (C.E.) page.

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