About this site

This module was originally part of the Virtual Geography Department Project (1996-2006), a pioneering effort to help geographers create innovative learning and teaching resources on the web and was prepared for the Physical Geography Working Group of the Project. Initially designed as supplemental material for an undergraduate course in biogeography at Radford University, the site has been used by a variety of students from middle school through high school levels and by the general public.

Content and illustrations may be used for study, research, and education, but please credit the author and source:  S. L. Woodward, Department of Geospatial Science, Radford University, Radford, VA 24142 and provide the URL of the page on which the used material appears.

Maps and photos are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License. Again please credit the cartographer or photographer and provide the appropriate page URL. Unless otherwise noted, all illustrations are by the author.

Contact (content): Dr. Susan L. Woodward: swoodwar@radford.edu.

Web Administrator: Dr. Andrew Foy: afoy@radford.edu

Sources and contributors:

Soil profile photos courtesy of USDA Natural Resosurces Conservation Service.


Aquatic Ecosystems

“Life In A Pond: The Under Water Ecosystem”: http://www.thewaterpage.com/pond-ecosystem.htm. Water Web Management Ltd, UK. Recommended by students in Irina Ford’s Science class at Cleary Mountain Middle School, VA.

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